THE IMPORTANCE OF PATHOLOGY IN DISEASE DIAGNOSIS
Thursday, June 2, 2016, 9:45 AM – 10:15 AM
Joseph S. Masangkay
Department of Veterinary Paraclinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of the Philippines Los Baños, College, Laguna, Philippines
In medicine, be it in human or in veterinary medicine, pathology subjects are usually offered in the middle of the course. Usually it belongs to the paraclinical courses after the basic courses of anatomy and physiology. Pathology is the basis of diagnosis which serves as the primary integrating course for the basic and applied medical courses which is the peak of the medical triangle. It connects the basic with the medical courses. The student must be able to have a good working knowledge of the basic and clinical subjects to be able to integrate the information needed for a correct diagnosis of a case. A good example in Veterinary Medicine is Persistent Right Aortic Arch (PRAA) in German Shepherd puppies. The clinical history shows that the main complaint of the owner is vomiting after eating solid food but fluid or liquid intake is okay and does not elicit the vomiting reflex. If the practitioner does not know his pathology, the primary reaction is to treat symptomatically the vomiting. Symptomatic treatment in this case is useless since the cause is a congenital malformation. The professional deportment of a practitioner is reflected in the way he/she approaches any case with a clear understanding of the pathogenesis so that he/she can be able to explain to the client the cause, symptomatology, and treatment of the case.