EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES AND INNOVATIONS ON POULTRY HEALTH MANAGEMENT AND DISEASE DIAGNOSTICS
Friday, October 18, 2019, 4:15 pm – 5:15 pm
Dennis V. Umali, DVM, PhD
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of the Philippines Los Baños
Biosensors and wearable technologies are increasingly becoming important for poultry health management. On-site sensors can provide reliable data about the physical condition of the animals and provide a timely diagnosis of diseases, thereby decreasing economic losses. Sensors and wearable technologies can be implanted on animals to measure body temperature, observe behavior and movement, detect stress, analyze sounds, detect changes in pH, detect analytes and the presence of pathogens. Aside from health data, general farm monitoring can also be made more efficient by using biosensors integrated with cellphones and handheld devices. With the advances in the internet of things, farm conditions and animal health can be monitored in real-time, which can be shared with food manufacturers and stakeholders to promote transparency on the quality and safety of their food products. Microfluidics, Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET), Quantum Dots, Surface Plasmon Resonance Technology (SPR) and HNPs- Go Electrodes are just some of the emerging biosensors and wearable technologies being developed in the field. The integration of advances in engineering, medicine, biochemistry, proteomics, and genomics offers enormous potential for the rapid and accurate diagnosis of diseases. Technologies to make microarray testing, genomic analysis, and metabolic profiling to be accomplished in a rapid, portable, sensitive, and cost-efficient manner are currently being developed. Point-of-care (POC) tests have tremendous advantages over existing laboratory-based tests, due to their intrinsic low-cost and rapidity. The development of innovative modified-release drug delivery systems is an invaluable tool to optimize drug delivery in poultry. The use of nanoparticles in drug delivery, imaging and as vaccine adjuvants such as liposomes, micelles, emulsions, and inorganic nanoparticles are currently being explored. The use of plants for producing edible and novel vaccines and antibodies to protect farm animals from diseases are currently being explored. Continued advances in computer technology, microfluidics, nanotechnology, high-throughput screening, control, and targeted drug delivery and pharmacogenomics have been identified as the six transforming technologies that will greatly influence the advances in veterinary therapeutics in the coming years.