THE ROLE OF NUTRITION IN JOINT HEALTH
Rey B. Oronan
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of the Philippines Los Baños
There is a 4% occurrence of musculoskeletal lameness locally in contrast to up to 24% of similar conditions in other countries. Clinical cases include traumatic causes such as fractures, luxations and subluxation, ligament ruptures and combinations, and non-traumatic causes such as developmental, degenerative, nutritional, neoplasm, and infectious. Musculoskeletal diseases may be treated with a variety of surgical procedures, given medications and/or may respond to management. However, with or without treatment, some form of osteoarthritis may develop which is generally worse in untreated patients. During treatment aside from the usual analgesics and antibiotics if given, prescriptions usually include but not limited to glucosamine sulfate, chondroitin sulfate, and omega fatty acids. Dietary modification and fortification with long-chain omega fatty acids, glucosamine sulfate, chondroitin sulfate, antioxidants in patients with musculoskeletal diseases have proven to be beneficial especially in patients with osteoarthritis or those at risk of developing degenerative joint diseases. This lecture will discuss the benefit of nutritional management in patients to maintain joint health.